What is a Prosthesis?

A prosthesis is an artificial replacement used in the place of a missing body part. When an individual has a loss of any body part due to deformations or accidents, a prosthesis becomes the perfect aid to help them restore the area. Prosthesis can be for any part of your body, such as limbs, teeth, etc. You get removable prosthesis as well as ones that are permanently implanted. It depends on the area and your requirements.

The ever-evolving technology has played a vital role in improving the prosthesis. Now you have battery-powered prosthesis that provide improved mobility. Now an individual will not feel the absence of limb mobility or struggle with stability. Especially technologies like hydraulic pumps have helped the areas of movement. This is helping the individuals resume their day-to-day activities much more easily compared to earlier.

The prosthesis has become a life-changing field of medical science that has helped restore both the body part and the person’s confidence.

Types of Prosthesis

You will find various types of prosthesis on the market. Especially now with the evolving technology, the process of making prostheses has become more advanced and sophisticated to bring it closer to life activities and improve its quality. As a result, through the years, prosthesis have become more life-like.

There are four main types of prosthesis:

A trans-radial prosthetic is the kind of prosthesis targeted for the arm area below the elbow. This includes the forearm and wrist.
A trans-humeral prosthetic is the kind of prosthesis used for the area of the arm above the elbow. Since the position is complex in nature to fit a prosthetic, the most common method of attachment is the suction system.
The transtibial prosthetic is used for areas below the knee. Since they have a healthy knee, they have a certain amount of movement, which makes retaining the activities easier. For this, you have to find a prosthetic that will comfortably balance out your weight.
The transfemoral prosthetic is used for areas above the knee. Since it is the area above the knee, the movement is much more restricted and takes more time to rehabilitate. However, with the evolving technologies like hydraulic pumps and direct bone attachments, the recovery time has reduced, and individuals are able to blend back into their routines faster.
Hence you have to understand the target location of your prosthetic and its type to help you select the right one.

Upper Limb Prosthesis

Upper limb prosthetic consists of transradial and transhumeral prosthetics. When we refer to the word ‘Upper Limbs’, it states that all the prosthetics that come under this category are all about the arms. So the area in the target might be above or below the elbow. 

As mentioned earlier, upper limb prosthetics can be classified into two categories: the range of products that comes under transradial means below the elbow, and transhumeral includes prosthetics for areas above the elbow.

When it comes to upper limb prosthetics, they incorporate simple hinge and gimbal type joints. The artificial upper limb is designed to be robust in nature, stable enough during usage, and safe for the user.

The ever-developing technology in the medical field has become an additive benefit to this field. Due to it, we can produce a much more life-like, sustainable and affordable range of upper limb prosthetics. In addition, upper limb prosthetics have proven to benefit individuals to resume their daily activities once they are used to them.

Lower Limb Prosthesis

The lower limb prosthesis consist of all products dealing with the legs. The lower limb prosthesis can be divided into two main categories:

(i) the transtibial prosthesis are made for areas under the knee;

(ii) transfemoral prosthesis are made for areas above the knee.

A lower limb prosthesis is used to restore the functions of the lower limb/ leg. As seen earlier, there are two categories, and these categories consist of various products such as artificial hip, thigh, knee, ankle and foot.

Various technologies are helping to improve the quality and movement of the artificial lower limb prosthesis to make it much easier and more comfortable for the user. However, especially while considering the lower limb, the primary concern lies in weight division, as the legs receive the entire weight of the human body. Hence while choosing the suitable upper prosthesis go for a proper custom made prosthesis that will give you good balance and weight division.