Arthritis is a term used to describe inflammation of one or more joints. Joints can be defined as a place where two bones meet like the elbow or knee. Arthritis is a chronic condition that can be managed with medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes. Arthritis treatment can be done with proper doctor’s consultation. The primary objectives of Arthritis treatment are to lessen your current level of discomfort and stop further joint degeneration. Some forms of arthritis can also affect other parts of the body, such as the skin, eyes, and internal organs.
Osteoarthritis of Knee
Osteoarthritis of the knee is a type of arthritis that results from the wear and tear of the cartilage in the knee joint. The cartilage acts as a cushion between the bones in the knee, and when it wears down, the bones can rub against each other, causing pain and inflammation. The symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee include pain, stiffness, and difficulty with activities such as walking or climbing stairs. Risk factors for developing osteoarthritis of the knee include age, obesity, and a history of knee injury. Treatment options for osteoarthritis of the knee include medication, physical therapy, and, in severe cases, surgery.
You must first determine the type of arthritis you have before seeking appropriate treatment. This can be performed by laboratory tests, x-rays, and clinician input. Traditional oral medications such as analgesics and NSAIDs are the most used therapies for arthritis (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).
Corticosteroid injections, sacroiliac joint injections, ultrasound guided major joint injections, and joint surgery are among typical therapies. Pain Treatment Centres of America specializesArthritis in the treatment of osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, and degenerative disc disease.
Rheumatoid arthritis treatments can help reduce joint inflammation, relieve pain, prevent or slow joint degeneration, lessen disability, and allow you to remain as active as possible.
- wear and tear of a joint from overuse
- age (OA is most common in adults over age 50)
- autoimmune disorders
- genes or family history
- muscle weakness
- Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
- Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA)
- Limited range of motion
Arthritis Treatment for knees
Brief about treatment for knees.
The basic goals of treating knee osteoarthritis are to reduce pain and restore mobility. Typically, the treatment strategy will involve a combination of the following:
- Weight reduction. If necessary, losing even a small amount of weight can considerably reduce knee pain caused by osteoarthritis.
- Exercise. Strengthening the muscles around the knee improves joint stability and reduces pain. Stretching exercises aid in the mobility and flexibility of the knee joint.
- Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Injections of corticosteroids or hyaluronic acid into the knee. Steroids are powerful anti-inflammatory drugs. Hyaluronic acid is normally present in joints as a type of lubricating fluid.
- Alternative therapies. Some alternative therapies that may be effective include topical creams with capsaicin, acupuncture, or supplements, including glucosamine and chondroitin or SAMe.
- Using devices such as braces. There are two types of braces: “unloader” braces, which take the weight away from the side of the knee affected by arthritis; and “support” braces, which provide support for the entire knee.
- Physical and occupational therapy. If you are having trouble with daily activities, physical or occupational therapy can help. Physical therapists teach you ways to strengthen muscles and increase flexibility in your joints. Occupational therapists teach you ways to perform regular, daily activities, such as housework, with less pain.
- Surgery. When other treatments don’t work, surgery is a good option.
This can cause pain, immobility, and swelling. There is no cure for OA of the knee, but treatment can help relieve discomfort and slow the damage.
Non Surgical Treatment of Osteoarthritis of Knee
- To Strengthen the Quadriceps ( Thigh) muscle so it helps to transfer weight from Knee Joint to Quadriceps Muscle.
- Correction in Footwear, make Modified Insoles for Shoes.
- Weight Reduction
- Tendo Achilles Stretching exercise
- Special Osteoarthritis Knee Brace
- Physiotherapy Modalities – Ultrasound, Laser, TENS (TransCutaneous Nerve Stimulation)